News

Synchrotron X-ray beam impinging upon ionic liquid molecules

Diving into the structure of molten salts in tight spaces

July 23, 2020

LLNL scientists coupled x-ray experiments with high-fidelity simulations to investigate a widely used family of ionic liquids confined in carbon nanopores typically used in supercapacitors.


lanmodulin

E-waste-eating protein extracts rare earth elements

July 14, 2020

LLNL researchers and collaborators have designed a new process, based on a naturally occurring protein, that could extract and purify rare earth elements from low-grade sources.


A CDI cell and its equivalent-circuit break down

Summer students shine in desalination research

June 30, 2020

LLNL scientists have provided a comprehensive practical overview of a CDI cell’s resistive components both experimentally and theoretically.


3D-printed electrodes

3D-printed aerogel electrodes boost energy storage

January 29, 2020

A team of LLNL scientists and collaborators have developed a new class of aerogel electrodes with a simultaneous boost in energy and power density.


Microbe capsules

LLNL researchers turn to microbe beads to increase U.S. supply of rare earth metals

November 25, 2019

To help increase the U.S. supply of rare earth elements, a Critical Materials Institute team led by LLNL is using microbe beads to recover rare earth elements from consumer electronic waste.


cation adsorption in a graphene network

Size matters in ion selectivity and energy storage

October 25, 2019

In an effort to boost energy storage and water desalination technologies, LLNL scientists found that capacitive performance and ion selectivity of porous carbons is controlled by a complex interplay between confinement effects, the size and hydration energy of the ions and the charge transfer between the electrode and the ions.


Nanowire size smaller than penny width

Lab team reports breakthrough in ultrafast, high-resolution nanoscale 3D printing

October 3, 2019

LLNL researchers developed a scalable method of nanofabrication up to 1,000 times faster than any previous method, without sacrificing resolution.


A chain of water molecules inside an inner pore of a carbon nanotube

Use of nanopores could lead to cleaner water

September 26, 2019

A team of LLNL scientists and colleagues from seven other institutions have reviewed recent Single Digit Nanopore experiments and identified critical gaps in understanding nanoscale hydrodynamics, molecular sieving, fluidic structure, and thermodynamics.


Nitrate adsorbed into carbon slit pores

Freshening up contaminated water

August 28, 2019

LLNL and Stanford University researchers have developed a technology that can remove nitrate from water selectively, preserving beneficial minerals and dramatically reducing the cost of treatment compared with other purification methods.


Applied Materials cover

Enhancing fullerene–graphene nanocarbon networks for energy storage and harvesting

August 27, 2019

LLNL researchers and collaborators at the University of Texas at El Paso have developed a concept that allows the integration of the characteristic properties of fullerene in 3D graphene networks.


Solar cells

Nanowire arrays could improve solar cells

August 8, 2019

New research by LLNL scientists shows that solar cell efficiency can improve by using metal nanowire meshes that provide high transmissivity and high electrical connectivity.


Grants

PLS researchers win tech commercialization grants

July 29, 2019

LLNL researchers have posted another standout year securing major grants through the Department of Energy’s Technology Commercialization Fund.


Co-Optima's FY18 Year in Review spotlights the initiative’s advances in engine and fuel innovation.

Co-Optima identifies six new blendstocks for improved fuel economy, vehicle performance

July 3, 2019

LLNL is playing a key role in landmark research, collaborating with 8 other national labs and 13 universities.


A painting in an office

Art with a purpose: LLNL and startup company imagine the future of indoor carbon capture

May 23, 2019

A new collaboration between LLNL scientists and Artveoli aims to clear the air indoors and improve health by combining CO2-devouring photosynthetic algae and LLNL’s carbon capture microcapsules into a flat panel device disguised as a work of digital or printed art.


A schematic of resin synthesis, fabrication, and post-processing

Additive manufacturing paper makes waves

May 8, 2019

An article entitled “Additive Manufacturing of Complex Micro-Architected Graphene Aerogels” is featured among the most popular articles published by Materials Horizons in 2018.


situ x-ray scattering diagram

Better magnets from SmCo5 nanoparticles

March 5, 2019

A paper by Livermore researchers, in partnership with researchers at Brown University, has been designated a “hot paper” by the journal Angewandte Chemie.


In a paper published in Nature Communications, LLNL researchers used in situ x-ray scattering at the Advanced Photon Source to track the nucleation and growth of silver nanocrystal superlattices from a colloidal suspension.

Probing silver nanocrystal superlattices

November 30, 2018

In a paper published in Nature Communications, LLNL researchers used in situ x-ray scattering at the Advanced Photon Source to track the nucleation and growth of silver nanocrystal superlattices from a colloidal suspension.


 role of electric double layer capacitance formation and its interplay with quantum capacitance in graphene-based supercapacitors diagram.

Next-generation graphene supercapacitors

November 30, 2018

In a recent study, researchers from LLNL, UC Riverside, and Japan’s National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology explored the role of electric double layer capacitance formation and its interplay with quantum capacitance in graphene-based supercapacitors.


3D-printed supercapacitor electrodes

Research team achieves record performance for 3D-printed graphene aerogel supercapacitors

November 2, 2018

Researchers at LLNL and the University of California, Santa Cruz have created 3D-printed supercapacitor electrodes capable of achieving record-breaking performance and overcoming conventional tradeoffs for supercapacitors in the process.


LLNL researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them.

Nanocrystals arrange to improve electronics

October 25, 2018

LLNL researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them.


In a study published in Science Advances, LLNL researchers report on the hierarchical 3D printing of nanoporous gold, a proof of concept that researchers say could revolutionize the design of chemical reactors.

Hierarchical 3D printing of nanoporous gold could ‘revolutionize’ electrochemical reactor design

August 31, 2018

In a study published in Science Advances, LLNL researchers report on the hierarchical 3D printing of nanoporous gold, a proof of concept that researchers say could revolutionize the design of chemical reactors.


A piece of graphene nestled on top of a flower pestle.

LLNL and Virginia Tech researchers achieve more complex 3D-printed graphene aerogel

August 17, 2018

In a paper published online in Materials Horizons, a journal of the Royal Society of Chemistry, the team reported a breakthrough, producing micro-architectured 3D graphene aerogel structures with higher resolution and complexity than anything created before with other 3D printing methods.


Smoke stack burning vented gas.

Using microbes to convert CO2 to natural gas

August 6, 2018

LLNL, in collaboration with Southern California Gas Co. and Stanford University, are using microbes to convert carbon dioxide directly to renewable natural gas.


A hydrogen storage tank for vehicles.

A Solid Hydrogen-Storage Solution

March 23, 2018

At Lawrence Livermore, early-stage research to store hydrogen in solid materials, such as metal hydrides, could be a boon for advancing the hydrogen fuel economy. New results from these efforts, gleaned from this multidisciplinary approach, are reinvigorating scientists engaged in creating a technology infrastructure to produce, distribute, and store hydrogen for fuel cell–based transportation and other industrial applications.


A diagram of the copper catalyst cycle.

Lab scientists to improve energy efficiency of copper catalysts that convert CO2 to methane

March 8, 2018

LLNL researchers have received $1 million from the Department of Energy to improve the energy efficiency of copper-based catalysts to convert carbon dioxide into methane and other valuable hydrocarbon products.


Artist's rendering of the solid electrolyte material, showing lithium atoms (purple) moving within a matrix of anions composed of boron (green), carbon (gray) and hydrogen (white) atoms.

Scientists find ‘frustration’ in battery materials

February 22, 2018

Adding carbon atoms to a new type of solid lithium ion battery could make it charge faster and more safely. Solid-state lithium-ion batteries can provide dramatically improved safety, voltage and energy density compared with today’s batteries, which use liquid components. They could be used in electric vehicles, as well as in power electronics. However, they are still in an early stage of development, with very few commercialized to date.


An artistic rendering of the interface between a photoabsorbing material and an aqueous electrolyte.

Looking to the sun to create hydrogen fuel

January 17, 2018

When Lawrence Livermore scientist Tadashi Ogitsu leased a hydrogen fuel-cell car, he knew that his daily commute would change forever. There are no greenhouse gases that come out of the tailpipe,  just a bit of water vapor.


Glacier National Park

A Reversible Reaction Captures Carbon

December 2017

To combat climate change and other anthropogenic environmental impacts, researchers have identified and analyzed major sources of pollution.


Europium, a rare earth element

LLNL researchers turn to bioengineered bacteria to increase U.S. supply of rare earth metals

October 23, 2017

To help increase the U.S. supply of rare earth metals, an LLNL team has created a new way to recover rare earths using bioengineered bacteria.


LLNL scientists have developed a technique that helps extract hydrogen from water efficiently and cheaply.

It’s something in the water: LLNL scientists extract hydrogen as potential fuel source

July 31, 2017

LLNL scientists have developed a technique that helps extract hydrogen from water efficiently and cheaply.


Yongqin Jiao is the principal investigator of MicroMiners, a project focused on rare-earth bioadsorption, or using genetically engineered bacteria to recover rare-earth elements from sources where levels are so low that recovery by ordinary means would be prohibitively expensive.

From the Laboratory to the World

June 2017

Yongqin Jiao is the principal investigator of MicroMiners, a project focused on rare-earth bioadsorption, or using genetically engineered bacteria to recover rare-earth elements from sources where levels are so low that recovery by ordinary means would be prohibitively expensive.


Through an additive manufacturing process called two-photon polymerization direct laser writing, a team of LLNL researchers has fabricated the first millimeter-sized, low-density foam reservoir targets with nanoscale features for material strength tests at the OMEGA laser in Rochester, New York

Scientists explore use of 3D printing to speed up target production for testing material strength

October 20, 2016

Through an additive manufacturing process called two-photon polymerization direct laser writing, a team of LLNL researchers has fabricated the first millimeter-sized, low-density foam reservoir targets with nanoscale features for material strength tests at the OMEGA laser in Rochester, New York.


For the first time ever, scientists at LLNL and UC Santa Cruz have successfully 3D-printed supercapacitors using an ultra-lightweight graphene aerogel.

Reducing Reliance on Critical Materials

April 2016

High-technology products, from car motors to fluorescent lighting, often rely on small amounts of scarce raw materials that possess key properties, such as strength, thermal resistivity, and magnetism.


For the first time ever, scientists at LLNL and UC Santa Cruz have successfully 3D-printed supercapacitors using an ultra-lightweight graphene aerogel.

Researchers 3D print ultralight supercapacitors

February 9, 2016

For the first time ever, scientists at LLNL and UC Santa Cruz have successfully 3D-printed supercapacitors using an ultra-lightweight graphene aerogel.


LLNL scientists have found that lithium ion batteries operate longer and faster when their electrodes are treated with hydrogen.

Using hydrogen to enhance lithium ion batteries

November 5, 2015

LLNL scientists have found that lithium ion batteries operate longer and faster when their electrodes are treated with hydrogen.


As part of a tri-lab consortium, LLNL researchers will develop tools and understanding necessary for designing new solid-state materials for storing hydrogen gas.

It’s solid: storing hydrogen in a new form

October 8, 2015

As part of a tri-lab consortium, LLNL researchers will develop tools and understanding necessary for designing new solid-state materials for storing hydrogen gas.


In the race for advanced energy storage systems, researchers are increasingly turning to the supercapacitor, a seemingly straightforward device made attractive by its many advantages over most batteries, including higher power density, faster charge–discharge cycling, enhanced safety, lower cost, and better endurance.

Supercapacitors Yield Energetic Secrets

September 2015

In the race for advanced energy storage systems, researchers are increasingly turning to the supercapacitor, a seemingly straightforward device made attractive by its many advantages over most batteries, including higher power density, faster charge–discharge cycling, enhanced safety, lower cost, and better endurance.


Livermore scientists are studying a process that uses sunlight as the driver for producing hydrogen fuel.

Diving into the Dynamics of Evolving Hydrogen

April 2015

Livermore scientists are studying a process that uses sunlight as the driver for producing hydrogen fuel.


Using the same baking soda found in most grocery stores, LLNL scientists, along with colleagues from Harvard University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have created a significant advance in carbon dioxide capture.

Microcapsules capture carbon safely

February 5, 2015

Using the same baking soda found in most grocery stores, LLNL scientists, along with colleagues from Harvard University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have created a significant advance in carbon dioxide capture.


Three LLNL researchers have received the Department of Energy’s 2014 Hydrogen Production R&D Award for developing a system that uses sunlight to split water molecules, producing hydrogen.

Livermore team awarded for hydrogen production research

August 28, 2014

Three LLNL researchers have received the Department of Energy’s 2014 Hydrogen Production R&D Award for developing a system that uses sunlight to split water molecules, producing hydrogen.


Your cell phone may stay charged longer due to advances in modeling lithium-ion battery storage capacity.

Getting more life out of lithium-ion batteries

July 23, 2014

Your cell phone may stay charged longer due to advances in modeling lithium-ion battery storage capacity.


Three LLNL researchers have received the Department of Energy’s 2014 Hydrogen Production R&D Award for developing a system that uses sunlight to split water molecules, producing hydrogen.

Heading toward the hydrogen highway

June 23, 2014

LLNL scientists are working on a project that will use particles considerably smaller than the size of a human hair to improve the storage capacity of hydrogen-powered vehicles.


Livermore microbiologist Yongqin Jiao is midway through a five-year study to investigate how certain aerobic bacteria interact with uranium in aquatic environments.

Tiny But Mighty Potential Allies in the Toxic Metal Cleanup Effort

April 2014

Livermore microbiologist Yongqin Jiao is midway through a five-year study to investigate how certain aerobic bacteria interact with uranium in aquatic environments.